The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is a professional degree program that prepares students to become qualified dental practitioners. It is a comprehensive course that focuses on the study and practice of dental science and oral health care.

Overview of BDS

The BDS program is designed to provide students with a strong foundation in dental sciences, clinical skills, and professional ethics. It covers a wide range of subjects including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, dental materials, oral pathology, oral medicine, oral surgery, periodontology, and orthodontics.

During the course, students gain hands-on experience through clinical training and practical sessions. They learn how to diagnose and treat various dental conditions, perform dental procedures, and provide oral health care services to patients.

Duration and Eligibility

The duration of the BDS program is typically five years, including one year of compulsory internship. However, the duration may vary depending on the country and institution.

Eligibility criteria for BDS may also vary, but generally, students are required to have completed their higher secondary education or equivalent with a strong background in science subjects such as physics, chemistry, and biology. Some institutions may also require students to pass entrance exams or meet certain minimum academic requirements.

Career Opportunities

After completing the BDS program and obtaining the necessary license or registration, graduates can pursue a variety of career paths in the field of dentistry. Some common career opportunities include:

  • General Dentist: Graduates can work as general dentists in private dental clinics or hospitals, providing preventive and restorative dental care to patients.
  • Specialist Dentist: With further specialization through postgraduate courses, dentists can become specialists in areas such as orthodontics, periodontology, oral surgery, endodontics, prosthodontics, and pediatric dentistry.
  • Academician: BDS graduates can choose to pursue a career in teaching and research by joining dental colleges or universities as faculty members.
  • Public Health Dentist: Graduates can work in public health organizations or government agencies, focusing on promoting oral health and providing dental care to underserved populations.
  • Dental Consultant: Some dentists choose to work as consultants, providing expert advice and guidance to other dental professionals or organizations.

Skills and Personal Qualities

To excel in the field of dentistry, BDS graduates should possess a combination of technical skills, interpersonal skills, and personal qualities. Some essential skills and qualities include:

  • Manual dexterity and precision for performing dental procedures.
  • Good communication and interpersonal skills to interact with patients and colleagues.
  • Problem-solving and critical thinking abilities for diagnosing dental conditions and developing treatment plans.
  • Attention to detail and a high level of accuracy in dental procedures.
  • Empathy and compassion towards patients.
  • Professionalism, ethics, and integrity in the practice of dentistry.


The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program equips students with the knowledge, skills, and practical experience necessary to pursue a successful career in dentistry. Graduates have the opportunity to make a positive impact on people’s oral health and contribute to the overall well-being of their patients.

Whether working as general dentists, specialists, academicians, or public health dentists, BDS graduates play a crucial role in promoting oral health and providing quality dental care to individuals and communities.

Course LevelUndergraduate 
BDS Full-FormBachelor of Dental Surgery
BDS Course Duration5 years ( 4 years + 1 year of compulsory paid internship).
Examination TypeSemester Based
Eligibility 10+2 with a minimum of 50% Compulsory subjects include Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Admission Process Entrance Exam (NEET)
BDS Course FeesINR 1-6 lacs per annum
Average Initial SalaryINR 4-10 lacs (approx.)
Top RecruitersHospitals, Dental Clinics, Educational Institutes, etc.
Job PositionsDental Research Scientist, Dentist, Lecturer, etc.