CBSE Class 12th Exam Maths Analysis: ‘Challenging Assertion-Reasoning Questions’

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CBSE Class 12th Exam :

As students prepare for their CBSE Class 12th exams, one subject that often presents a unique set of challenges is Mathematics. The CBSE board is known for its rigorous question papers that test students’ understanding and application of mathematical concepts. In recent years, one particular type of question that has gained attention is the ‘Assertion-Reasoning’ question.

CBSE Class 12th Exam

Understanding Assertion-Reasoning Questions

Assertion-Reasoning questions are designed to assess students’ analytical skills and their ability to think critically. These questions consist of two statements – an assertion and a reasoning statement. The assertion is a given statement, while the reasoning statement provides an explanation or justification for the assertion.

Students are required to evaluate the assertion and reasoning statements and determine whether the reasoning statement is correct or incorrect in relation to the given assertion. They must also provide a justification for their answer.

Challenges Faced by Students

The inclusion of Assertion-Reasoning questions in the CBSE exam has posed several challenges for students. These challenges can be attributed to the following factors:

1. Critical Thinking

Assertion-Reasoning questions demand a higher level of critical thinking and analytical skills from students. They need to carefully analyze both the assertion and reasoning statements, identify any logical inconsistencies, and evaluate the validity of the reasoning statement in relation to the given assertion.

2. Time Management

CBSE exams have time constraints, and the inclusion of Assertion-Reasoning questions adds an additional layer of complexity. Students need to manage their time effectively to ensure they have enough time to answer these questions accurately, while also completing the rest of the paper within the given time frame.

3. Understanding Concepts

Assertion-Reasoning questions require a deep understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts. Students must have a strong grasp of the subject matter to evaluate the validity of the reasoning statement in relation to the given assertion. Lack of conceptual clarity can make answering these questions challenging.

Tips to Tackle Assertion-Reasoning Questions

While Assertion-Reasoning questions may seem daunting, with the right approach and preparation, students can tackle them effectively. Here are some tips to help students navigate these questions:

1. Read Carefully

Pay close attention to the given assertion and reasoning statements. Read them multiple times to ensure a clear understanding of what is being asked.

2. Analyze and Evaluate

Break down the assertion and reasoning statements into smaller components. Analyze each component separately and evaluate the validity of the reasoning statement in relation to the given assertion. Look for any logical inconsistencies or contradictions.

3. Provide Justification

When answering Assertion-Reasoning questions, it is essential to provide a well-reasoned justification for your answer. Clearly explain why you believe the reasoning statement is correct or incorrect based on your analysis.

4. Practice Regularly

Regular practice is key to mastering Assertion-Reasoning questions. Solve a variety of such questions from previous years’ question papers and sample papers to familiarize yourself with the format and develop your analytical skills.

5. Seek Guidance

If you are struggling with Assertion-Reasoning questions, don’t hesitate to seek guidance from your teachers or classmates. Discussing these questions with others can provide different perspectives and help clarify any doubts.


The inclusion of Assertion-Reasoning questions in the CBSE exam has added a new dimension to the assessment process. While these questions may present challenges, they also provide an opportunity for students to showcase their critical thinking and analytical skills. By understanding the format, practicing regularly, and seeking guidance when needed, students can effectively tackle these questions and excel in their exams.


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