September 26, 2021

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NEET Reservation: A Political Move by BJP

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The caste monster has not gone, despite various social reform movements and the merits of the contemporary Constitution, as well as the promises given by rising economic expansion. It emerges in our daily lives. Nobody’s political objective now is to create a casteless India. The BJP uses social divisions to stay in power and has no intention of abolishing caste discrimination.

NEET Reservation Policy

On 27th July 2021, Within the All India Quota for NEET, the Central government allowed quotas for the OBC and EWS groups. The announcement was not much of a surprise to many.

Prior, OBC reservation was not applied to the 15% of seats allocated to the all-India quota by state medical schools. The government has enhanced OBC and EWS quota to 15% of all seats in state-run medical and dental schools.In the 15 percent Undergraduate (UG) All India Quota seats (MBBS/BDS) (contributed by the States/UTs to the Central Pool), the new reservation policy includes a 27 percent OBC (Non-Creamy Layer) quota and a 10% EWS reservation. This reservation will be in place beginning with the academic year 2021-22.

Why Reservation is Important?

Some individuals believe that reservation is a barrier to being on the merit list, however this is not the case. People in urban areas are not afraid to express their dissatisfaction with caste-based reservations since they believe casteism no longer exists. Our country’s rural population accounts for 70% of the total population. Lower-caste individuals are not permitted to enter the upper-caste region, therefore they have their own wells, ponds, and even communities. Even now, hate and violence towards lower-caste people are unavoidable. They are compelled to work in the same jobs as their ancestors.

OBC Reservation

The OBC population contributes to nearly 41% of the total population of the country. However, such a large population has a negligible influence in political, cultural, and economic sectors, and most public events are solely controlled by the dominant power of the social elites.

The government is required to promote the welfare of the OBCs under Article 340 of the Indian Constitution. The Supreme Court of India mandated that 27 percent of civil service jobs be reserved for members of the OBC community after a 1992 judgement. OBCs make up 21.57 percent of the workforce in the federal government. The disparity in higher education proportions is mostly due to differences in elementary school enrolment. These communities have been used as votebanks by Indian political parties.The OBC reservation is unique in that it involves the concept of a creamy layer.

Being in a Reserved Category is Not a Smooth Road

Even after completing higher education, the lives of reserved category students are not as easy as those of their peers. The casual remark that “quota students are untalented” continues to be a favourite topic of conversation in schools controlled by oppressor-caste students and faculty.

This frequently results in marginalization and poor self-confidence for students from restricted groups, who are continuously subjected to taunts that degrade their dignity and value. Suicide is a common cause of death for many people. These are the kinds of things that make you wonder what skill is and if our educational system is prepared to assess an individual’s ability. It has nothing to do with people’s living situations. Its value is founded on imported textbooks and confused reproduction.

Is the NEET revised reservation policy fair enough?

It will help about roughly 1,500 OBC students in MBBS and 2,500 OBC students in post-graduation. The decision may be understood in the context of pro-OBC activities such as the recent ministerial reshuffle, which included a large number of OBCs, and efforts to overturn an unfavourable Supreme Court judgement on state backward list designation.

Caste and the Progressives’ Role

Post – independent, higher education remained the preserve of a small number of powerful castes. This upper caste predominance in knowledge creation was challenged in the post-Mandal era by varied voices from various caste regions. This caused anxiety among progressives, who find it easy to take revolutionary positions.

Even now, liberals and progressives who can tweet about Modi are typically ambiguous when it comes to discussing reservation and merit. In a caste society, the ultimate measure of liberalism is how much they can confront their own advantages and teach their oppressor classes about reservation. They have been hypocrites thus far, and all that can be seen is the unspoken Savarna unity.

Political Agenda

The BJP’s rise as a Dalit-OBC party has substantially harmed the social justice movement’s chances. First, the BJP’s social manipulation agenda has no aim of resolving the caste system’s flaws; rather, it is a political tactic that exploits societal divisions. The BJP, for example, has commissioned special initiatives in Uttar Pradesh to mobilise the Rajbhar, Pasi, Dhobi, Khatik, and other Dalit castes in order to defeat the Jatav-led Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP).

Similarly, it presented the Mauryas, Kurmis, and Lodhs as the Hindutva flag bearers against the majority Yadavs among OBCs. This Machiavellian politics takes advantage of societal divisions without scruples and maintains traditional caste conflicts in order to win elections. Furthermore, the BJP’s relationship with the Dalit-Bahujan masses is simply electoral, and its influence on changing their social connections and class circumstances has yet to be shown.

Uttar Pradesh Upcoming Election

The BJP claims to have politicised and mobilised the Dalit-Bahujans, regardless their powerlessness. It’s being viewed as a calculated strategy by the BJP to emphasise the party’s pro-OBC position ahead of the upcoming Uttar Pradesh Assembly election. It is important for the BJP to maintain its newly gained social base among the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in order to continue its revolution in north Indian states.

The point is that the BJP feels it has a permanent vote bank of 20 to 22 percent. This vote bank has been associated with the BJP because of its immersion in Hindutva philosophy and culture. In West Bengal, Uttarakhand, and Karnataka, the BJP has been attempting to create a government. In addition, the party is waging a drive to create an opposition alliance with the Congress. The Bahujan Samaj Party is attempting to reclaim power in Uttar Pradesh by appealing to the Dalit-Brahmin divide. By nominating Pramod Tiwari, the Congress also intends to use the Brahmin card.

According to the BJP, Congress may join the National Front either directly or indirectly. The question of who will form the anti-Modi nucleus is still open, but the opposition as a whole will pose a formidable challenge. Uttar Pradesh is getting a lot of attention. The BJP has made the decision to enhance its vote percentage in order to ensure that no one can shake its foundation. This relationship is extended by the choice of OBC reservation in medical care. It’s no secret that the BJP believes in its own long-term voter base.

Why only OBC Reservation?

It also indicates that data shows that wherever OBCs go, they will create a path to power. According to the National Sample Survey, 41% of the country’s population is OBC. By focusing on the backward class, the BJP hopes to establish a long-term relationship with power. This indicates that even if the National Front is firmly established, the party should have enough votes to form a government without difficulty.

When the Uttar Pradesh BJP Backward Classes Cell’s office bearers were declared recently, virtually all of the state BJP’s officials, including organisation general secretary Sunil Bansal, tweeted about it. The public is being informed of the entrance of 28 ministers from the backward classes into the Union Cabinet by erecting hoardings around the state. In such a circumstance, the BJP would want to use the old demand for backward class reservation in medical education to gain electoral advantage. If some castes express worry, attempts will be taken to persuade them by informing them of Hindutva’s protection as well as the 10% reservation for destitute upper castes. Even if some individuals disagree, the backwards’ connection will fill in the gap.

Conclusion

After the implementation of the new reservation policy in the NEET examination, the opposition raised a question: why was the policy implemented now, when the UP elections are near? Although the policy was under consideration for one year, people are viewing it as a political tactic to reserve the vote bank in the upcoming election. The reservation policy will benefit students as well as the government too, both are directly proportional. 

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