New MCI guidelines to increase 5,000 PG seats nationwide

Nagpur: The Medical Council of India (MCI) has introduced amendments in ‘Post Graduation Medical Education Regulations 2000’ on April 4, changing the ratio of recognized PG teachers to students to be admitted for PG courses. As a result, nearly 5,000 PG seats and 250 super-speciality seats are expected to be added by the academic year 2020-21 nationwide.
The changes will prove to be a major bonanza for private medical colleges as they will be eligible for a high number of additional PG seats. MCI has considered private medical colleges existing for over 15 years at par with government colleges. All 15-year-old private medical colleges will get teacher to PG students ratio exactly similar to government institutions.
For such colleges, associate professor having charge of unit head will be allowed to guide three PG students. Earlier, this number was two. Associate professors without having unit head Charge will be allowed to guide 2 PG students instead of earlier 1.
A circular issued by Dr RK Vats, Secretary General of the MCI, stated that medical colleges fulfilling all the criteria may submit the applications for additional PG seats before May 15. The TOI had earlier reported that Ministry of Health and Family Welfare had approved this proposal to increase PG seats nationwide.
In super-speciality section, professors of both government and private colleges will be allowed to guide two superspecialty students per year unlike one previously. Associate professors can now guide 2 superspecialty students per year unlike 1 previously. This change in ratio will straight away increase 250 plus super-speciality seats in India.
After this circular, nearly 150 PG seats are expected to be added in Vidarbha’s medical colleges. With two government medical colleges in Nagpur, Vidarbha has government-run medical colleges in Yavatmal, Akola, Wardha, Chandrapur, and Gondia.
In Nagpur, Government Medical College (GMC), having 184 PG seats currently, is preparing to apply for additional seats in ophthalmology, orthopaedics and pathology. “At GMC, we have six PG seats for pathology, 4 of microbiology, and 6 for orthopaedics. There is scope for more seats in other departments too. But, we will initially apply for these subjects where we fall short. PG seats at GMC will surely cross 200-mark by next year,” said a senior official of GMC’s administrative section. IGGMC, on the other hand, will have to strive more as the hospital lacks on the infrastructure front.
Private colleges are gearing up to add seats in surgery and medicine subjects. In Vidarbha, NKP Salve Institute in Nagpur is 28 years old, and it offers 10 PG courses. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi Meghe, offers PG courses in 22 subjects. Together, these two colleges are eligible to get at least 50 additional PG seats.
How PG seats will increase:
Change in teacher-student ratio for clinical subjects, anaesthesiology, radiation oncology, psychiatry, forensic medicine, and toxicology
ICCU, ICU, SICK, NICU, PICK beds and beds of medical super speciality units will be included in bed strength of the respective department, which will bring more PG seats as bed strength will increase
If an associate professor fulfils all eligibility criteria for the post of professor, but has not been promoted due to administrative non-availability of post, then such teacher will be allowed to guide as many students as a professor
Similarly, assistant professors awaiting promotions due to administrative delay will be allowed to guide as many students as associate professor
How additional PG seats are important for public health
It will enhance patient care as well as create future medical teachers
There are around 470 medical colleges in India and nearly 30,000 PG degree, diploma, Super-speciality seats. This number will grow by at least 35,000 by 2020-21
More PG seats will add more specialist doctors into health manpower, which will benefit patients and improve doctor:patient equation
Government has started many new UG (MBBS) colleges in last five years. Fresh graduates from these colleges will get more opportunities for specialization (PG)
As per Central Government’s assurance, implementation of ambitious 10% quota for EWS needs significant (25%) increase in seats. A major part of this will be ensured through this increase in seats

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